Single Ply vs. 2 Ply Yarn: Understanding the Differences in Rug Construction

The rug industry has a variety of yarn options, each with its unique characteristics, affecting a rug's appearance, durability, and texture. Among these options, single ply and 2 ply yarns play a significant role in rug construction. In this blog, we'll explore the differences between single ply and 2 ply yarns, their construction methods, and how they impact the overall quality and performance of rugs.

  1. What is Single Ply Yarn?

Single ply yarn, also known as singles or one-ply, is a type of yarn made from a single strand of fibres twisted together. This simple construction results in a yarn with a relatively uniform thickness and a smooth, consistent texture. While single ply yarn is generally lightweight and pliable, it can be less durable and more prone to pilling, making it suitable for low-traffic areas or decorative purposes.

  1. What is 2 Ply Yarn?

2 ply yarn, as the name suggests, is made from two strands of fibres twisted together. This process creates a stronger, more durable yarn with a thicker, denser texture. The intertwining of the two strands adds an element of complexity to the yarn's appearance, often resulting in a more visually interesting and tactile surface. Rugs made from 2 ply yarn are well-suited for high-traffic areas due to their increased durability and resistance to wear and tear.

  1. How Single Ply and 2 Ply Yarns are Constructed

a. Single Ply Yarn Construction:

The process of creating single ply yarn begins with carding, a technique that aligns the fibres in preparation for spinning. The carded fibres are then drawn out into a long, continuous strand, known as a roving. Finally, the roving is spun, adding twist to the fibres, which locks them together and forms a stable, cohesive yarn.

b. 2 Ply Yarn Construction:

The construction of 2 ply yarn starts with the same process used for single ply yarn. After spinning the individual strands, two strands of single ply yarn are combined, twisting them together in the opposite direction of the initial spinning. This counter-twist creates a balanced, stable structure and enhances the yarn's strength and durability.

  1. Comparing Single Ply and 2 Ply Yarns in Rug Construction

When it comes to rug construction, the choice between single ply and 2 ply yarns depends on factors such as durability, appearance, and intended use. Here's a brief comparison:

a. Durability: 2 ply yarns are generally more durable than single ply yarns due to their increased thickness and strength. Rugs made with 2 ply yarn are better suited for high-traffic areas and can withstand wear and tear more effectively.

b. Appearance: Single ply yarns produce a smooth, even texture, while 2 ply yarns can create a more complex, visually appealing surface. The choice between the two depends on personal preference and the desired aesthetic.

c. Intended Use: Consider the rug's intended location when choosing between single ply and 2 ply yarns. For low-traffic areas or decorative purposes, single ply yarns may be sufficient. However, for areas with heavy foot traffic or where durability is a priority, 2 ply yarns are a better option.


Understanding the differences between single ply and 2 ply yarns is crucial when selecting the perfect rug for your space. By considering factors such as durability, appearance, and intended use, you can make an informed decision and enjoy the beauty and functionality of your rug for years to come.

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